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The Pennsylvania Railroad GG1 was a class of electric locomotive constructed by General Electric between 1934 and 1943. In all 139 were built. Built during an era when streamlining was becoming popular among the major railroads, the GG1 with its unique design found a special place within American culture. The GG1 has appeared in more advertisements and movie clips than any other design of locomotive (source: The Pennsylvania Railroad by Don Ball Jr.). The article on Wikipedia on the Pennsylvania Railroad GG1 lists nine movie appearances. GG1s have also been used on two important Funeral Trains: President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Robert F. Kennedy.
The GG1 served the Pennsylvania Railroad until February 1, 1968 when it merged with the New York Central to form the Penn Central Transportation Company. By this time 119 locomotives were still in service being transferred to the new railroad. The Penn Central did not last long, going bankrupt in 1970. The freight operations were assumed by the government controlled Conrail which continued to operate the locomotives until it ceased using electric truncation in 1980. Amtrak purchased 30 GG1s not long after its formation in 1971 and leased a further 21, some of which were used on the New York and Long Beach Commuter Branch. The final Thirteen GG1s were assigned to New Jersey Transit and used on its New Jersey Coast Line as far as Long Beach where the electrification of the line ended.
The last GG1 was retired by New Jersey Transit on October 29, 1983. Most were scrapped but, reflecting its place in American culture, fifteen production locomotives and the prototype have been preserved in museums. None are operational due to technical difficulties with their transformers. These static exhibits range in condition from exceptional condition like the ones at the Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania in Strasburg, PA and the National Railroad Museum in Green Bay, WI to those in not so good condition like the one in the image above at the Virginia Transport Museum in Roanoke, VA.